This study improved understanding of the behaviors and environmental engineering factors that contribute to bicycle and pedestrian collisions in the Orlando, FL area. A sampling of metropolitan streets was selected on the basis of accident histories, medians, street lighting, and the presence or absence of bicycle lanes. Landis Evans + Partners, formerly Sprinkle Consulting, reviewed and analyzed 171 hard copy police crash reports of collisions on the studied streets from 2002-2006. Field observations were conducted of the following behaviors: (1) Bicyclists riding in the roadway vs. on the sidewalk; (2) Bicyclists riding with traffic vs. against traffic; (3) Bicyclists using headlights at night; (4) Pedestrians crossing at an intersection vs. mid-block; and (5) Pedestrians crossing in an adequate gap. Risks were calculated for three of the behaviors, based on crash histories, and numerous bicyclists and pedestrians were observed.